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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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ignore the second factor, the will of the person concerned. Therefore,
even in the light of Marshal Stalin's explanations^ the procedure applied
by the authorities is unfair and unjust.
Molotov : We will verify all these facts, and I will inform you of the
Rosner : The facts I have to bring to your notice are very painful,
because they do not show that the Soviet authorities act in a way consistent
with the spirit of friendship that ought to be the rule between our two
governments. I shall divide these facts into the following categories :
First: The forcing of Soviet citizenship about which"we already have
information, fragmentary but suilicient to draw the conclusion that "this is
a mass procedure ordered by the central authorities and applied to the
entire Polish population in the U.S.S.R. This procedure is carried out
on lines of moral and physical compulsion that arouse my deepest indigna-
tion, as being inadmissible in relations between Allies and in the midst of
a hard war against our common enemy. We have proof that Polish
citizens, men and women, subjected to this procedure are detained for
examination for days on end, that they are even deprived of food and drink
to break their resistance. Such arguments are made use of for this purpose,
as statements that there is no longer any Polish Embassy in the U.S.S.R,,
or that Poland no longer exists. Those who resist are thrown into prison.
Local authorities do not, as a rule, investigate the place of origin of a given
person, and consequently do not respect the differentiation implied in the
interpretation of the Soviet law on citizenship that I received from Marshal
Stalin and from you.
Second : The taking over by the Soviet authorities, Mr. Commissar, of
the relief institutions of the Polish Embassy, a proceeding likewise carried
out on a mass scale. These institutions—they number about 570—were
created and operated on the basis of agreements between the People's
Commissariat for Foreign Affairs and the Embassy i they were subordinated
exclusively to the latter and had at their disposal^ in all cases—in larger or
smaller measure—Polish State property, equipment, supplies of food,
clothing and medicines, school utensils, etc. On grounds unknown to me
and in a totally inadmissible manner, tie Soviet authorities are taking over
these institutions and disposing of them and also of Polish property without
the consent of the Embassy, to whom the rightful ownership of and control
over these objects belongs. They do not even give any warning of what
they intend to do. As regards the taking over the home for invalids and
orphanage at Bolshaya Konstantinovka, in the Kuybyshev district, under
conditions I described to you during our last interview., the Embassy has
received a Note from the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs, dated
March 10, giving as justification for all this that no Polish citizens were
found there. This allegation has no foundation in truth. It was precisely
Polish citizens refusing to accept Soviet passports who together with the
manager of the establishment were expelled from it. The citizenship of
children was obviously decided by higher authorities without any investiga-
tion, despite opposition put up by the children themselves. I am^therefore
compelled to state once again, that methods of actual terrorism were
employed by the local authorities, methods wholly incompatible with the
spirit of Polish-Soviet friendship and collaboration.
Molotov :   Mr. Ambassador, it is very easy to speak about friendly
understanding in the matter of incidents that have occurred, but here I do